Integumentary System
Chapter 5
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide
Skin protects respiratory system organs by forming surface
barriers
Skeletal System
Chapters 6–8
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide
Bones protect lungs and bronchi by enclosure
Muscular System
Chapters 9–10
Respiratory system provides oxygen needed for muscle activity
and disposes of carbon dioxide
Activity of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles essential for
producing volume changes that lead to pulmonary ventilation;
regular exercise increases respiratory efficiency
S Y S T E M C O N N E C T I O N S
Homeostatic Interrelationships Between the
Respiratory System
and Other Body Systems
Access more System Connections in the Study Area at
www.masteringaandp.com
.
Nervous System
Chapters 11–15
Respiratory system provides oxygen needed for normal neuronal
activity and disposes of carbon dioxide
Medullary and pontine centers regulate respiratory rate and
depth; stretch receptors in lungs and chemoreceptors provide
feedback
Endocrine System
Chapter 16
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide; angiotensin converting enzyme in lungs converts
angiotensin I to angiotensin II
Epinephrine dilates the bronchioles; testosterone promotes
laryngeal enlargement in pubertal males; glucocorticoids
promote surfactant production
Cardiovascular System
Chapters 17–19
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide; carbon dioxide present in blood as HCO
3
2
and H
2
CO
3
contributes to blood buffering
Blood is the transport medium for respiratory gases
Lymphatic System/Immunity
Chapters 20–21
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide; tonsils in pharynx house immune cells
Lymphatic system helps to maintain blood volume required for
respiratory gas transport; immune system protects respiratory
organs from bacteria, bacterial toxins, viruses, protozoa, fungi,
and cancer
Digestive System
Chapter 23
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide
Digestive system provides nutrients needed by respiratory
system organs
Urinary System
Chapters 25–26
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide to provide short-term pH homeostasis
Kidneys dispose of metabolic wastes of respiratory system
organs (other than carbon dioxide) and maintain long-term pH
homeostasis
Reproductive System
Chapter 27
Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon
dioxide
22
843
previous page 877 Human Anatomy and Physiology (9th ed ) 2012 read online next page 879 Human Anatomy and Physiology (9th ed ) 2012 read online Home Toggle text on/off