Chapter 19
The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels
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19
Common iliac artery
Deep artery of thigh
Obturator artery
Femoral artery
Adductor hiatus
Popliteal artery
Anterior tibial artery
Posterior tibial artery
Fibular artery
Dorsalis pedis artery
Arcuate artery
Dorsal metatarsal
arteries
(b) Anterior view
Internal iliac artery
Superior gluteal artery
External iliac artery
Lateral circumflex
femoral artery
Medial circumflex
femoral artery
(c) Posterior view
Popliteal artery
Anterior tibial artery
Fibular artery
Dorsalis pedis artery
(from top of foot)
Plantar arch
Medial plantar artery
Lateral plantar artery
Posterior tibial artery
Check Your Understanding
18.
You are assessing the circulation in the leg of a diabetic
patient at the clinic. Name the artery you palpate in each of
these three locations: behind the knee, behind the medial
malleolus of the tibia, on the dorsum of the foot.
For answers, see Appendix H.
Posterior tibial artery.
Tis large artery courses through the
posteromedial part of the leg and supplies the flexor muscles.
Proximally, it gives off a large branch, the
fibular (peroneal)
artery
, which supplies the lateral fibularis muscles of the leg.
On the medial side of the foot, the posterior tibial artery di-
vides into
lateral
and
medial plantar arteries
that serve the
plantar surface of the foot. Te lateral plantar artery forms the
lateral end of the plantar arch.
Plantar metatarsal arteries
and
digital arteries to the toes arise from the plantar arch.
(continued)
Table 19.8
Figure 19.25
(continued)
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