532
UNIT 3
Regulation and Integration of the Body
14
Superior
cervical
ganglion
Middle
cervical
ganglion
Inferior
cervical
ganglion
Sympathetic trunk
(chain) ganglia
Pons
L
2
T
1
White rami
communicantes
Liver and
gallbladder
Stomach
Spleen
Kidney
Adrenal medulla
Small
intestine
Large
intestine
Genitalia (uterus, vagina, and
penis) and urinary bladder
Celiac ganglion
Inferior
mesenteric
ganglion
Lesser splanchnic nerve
Greater splanchnic nerve
Superior
mesenteric
ganglion
Lumbar
splanchnic nerves
Eye
Lacrimal gland
Nasal mucosa
Blood vessels;
skin (arrector pili
muscles and
sweat glands)
Salivary glands
Heart
Lung
Rectum
Cardiac and
pulmonary
plexuses
Preganglionic
Postganglionic
Sacral
splanchnic
nerves
Figure 14.6
Sympathetic division of the ANS.
Sympathetic innervation to peripheral
structures (blood vessels, glands, and arrector pili muscles) occurs in all areas but is shown only
in the cervical area.
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