(d) Condylar joint
Examples:
Metacarpophalangeal (knuckle) joints, wrist joints
Example:
Carpometacarpal joints of the thumbs
Biaxial movement
(e) Saddle joint
Biaxial movement
Examples:
Shoulder joints and hip joints
(f) Ball-and-socket joint
Multiaxial movement
Medial/
lateral
axis
Medial/
lateral
axis
Anterior/
posterior
axis
Medial/lateral
axis
Anterior/posterior
axis
Vertical axis
Oval
articular
surfaces
Cup
(socket)
Spherical
head
(ball)
Articular
surfaces
are both
concave
and convex
Rotation
Flexion and extension
Adduction and
abduction
Adduction and abduction
Flexion and extension
Adduction and abduction
Flexion and extension
Metacarpal
Ι
Trapezium
Metacarpals
Phalanges
Scapula
Humerus
Anterior/
posterior
axis
261
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