Chapter 8
Joints
257
8
Extension
Hyper-
extension
Extension
Flexion
Flexion
(d) Angular movements: flexion, extension, and hyperextension at the shoulder and knee
Abduction
Adduction
(e) Angular movements: abduction, adduction, and
circumduction of the upper limb at the shoulder
Circumduction
Lateral
rotation
Medial
rotation
Rotation
(f) Rotation of the head, neck, and lower limb
Figure 8.5
(continued)
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