-phil, -philo
like, love
hydrophilic, water-attracting molecules
-phobia
fear
acrophobia, fear of heights
-phragm
partition
diaphragm, which separates the thoracic and abdomi-
nal cavities
-phylax
guard, preserve
prophylaxis, to guard in advance, as in preventive
treatment
-plas
grow
neoplasia, an abnormal growth
-plasm
form, shape
cytoplasm
-plasty
reconstruction of a part, plastic surgery
rhinoplasty, reconstruction
of the nose through surgery
-plegia
paralysis
paraplegia, paralysis of the lower half of the body or lower
limbs
-rrhagia
abnormal or excessive discharge
metrorrhagia, uterine hemorrhage
-rrhea
flow or discharge
diarrhea, abnormal emptying of the bowels
-scope
instrument used for examination
stethoscope, instrument used to
listen to sounds of parts of the body
-some
body
chromosome
-sorb
suck in
absorb
-stalsis
compression, constriction
peristalsis, muscular contractions that
propel food along the digestive tract
-stasis
arrest, fixation
hemostasis, arrest of bleeding
-stitia
come to stand
interstitial fluid, between the cells
-stomy
establishment of an artificial opening
enterostomy, the formation of
an artificial opening into the intestine through the abdominal wall
-tegm
cover
integument
-tomy
to cut
appendectomy, surgical removal of the appendix
-trud
thrust
protrude, detrusor muscle
-ty
condition of, state
immunity, condition of being resistant to infection or
disease
-uria
urine
polyuria, passage of an excessive amount of urine
-zyme
ferment
enzyme 
-ferent
carry
efferent nerves, nerves carrying impulses away from the CNS
-form, -forma
shape
cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone
-fuge
driving out
vermifuge, a substance that expels worms of the intestine
-gen
an agent that initiates
pathogen, any agent that produces disease
-glea, -glia
glue
neuroglia, the connective tissue of the nervous system
-gram
data that are systematically recorded, a record
electrocardiogram, a
recording showing action of the heart
-graph
an instrument used for recording data or writing
electrocardio-
graph, an instrument used to make an electrocardiogram
-ia
condition
insomnia, condition of not being able to sleep
-iatrics
medical specialty
geriatrics, the branch of medicine dealing with
disease associated with old age
-ism
condition
hyperthyroidism
-itis
inflammation
gastritis, inflammation of the stomach
-lemma
sheath, husk
sarcolemma, the plasma membrane of a muscle cell
-logy
the study of
pathology, the study of changes in structure and function
brought on by disease
-lysis
loosening or breaking down
hydrolysis, chemical decomposition of a
compound into other compounds as a result of taking up water
-malacia
soF
osteomalacia, a process leading to bone soFening
-mania
obsession, compulsion
erotomania, exaggeration of the sexual pas-
sions
-nata
birth
prenatal development
-nom
govern
autonomic nervous system
-odyn
pain
coccygodynia, pain in the region of the coccyx
-oid
like, resembling
cuboid, shaped as a cube
-oma
tumor
lymphoma, a tumor of the lymphatic tissues
-opia
of the eye
myopia, nearsightedness
-ory
referring to, of
auditory, referring to hearing
-pathy
disease
osteopathy, any disease of the bone
-phasia
speech
aphasia, lack of ability to speak
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