I-60
Index
Water,
(contd.)
loss of
insensible,
945
,
994
, 995
sensible,
995
metabolic (water of oxidation),
994
output of, 994, 994
f
, 995
partial pressure of, 824, 825, 825
t
polarity of, 34, 34
f
, 38
as solvent, 29,
38
as survival requirement,
8
, 38–39
tubular reabsorption of, 969, 970
f
,
973
f
Water balance, 993–997, 994
f
, 996
f
,
997
f
antidiuretic hormone in, 442, 599,
602
t
, 995, 996
f
developmental aspects of, 1012
disorders of, 995–997, 997
f
hypothalamus in, 442
kidneys in, 999–1000, 1000
f
,
1001
f
, 1002
f
sodium in, 997–999, 998
t
, 999
t
regulation and, 999–1000,
1000
f
, 1001
f
, 1002
f
water intake regulation and,
994–995, 994
f
water output regulation and, 994,
994
f
, 995
Water intake, 994, 994–995, 994
f
Water on the knee, 270
Water output, 994, 994
f
, 995
Water-soluble hormones, 593
mechanism of action of, 593–595,
594
f
Water-soluble vitamins, 897,
912
,
912
t
Wavelength
light, 553–554, 554
f
sound,
576
, 576
f
Wave (temporal) summation,
294
by postsynaptic neuron, 411
f
,
412
, 412
t
WBCs (white blood cells).
See
Leukocyte(s)
Weak acids,
41
, 1004, 1005
f
Weak bases,
41
, 1004
“Wear-and-tear arthritis,” 270
Wear-and-tear theory, of aging, 111
Weber’s test,
590
Weeping lubrication, 252
Weight, regulation of, 939–941, 940
f
,
942–943
b
Weight gain, during pregnancy, 1083
Weight-loss supplements, 943
b
Weight training, anabolic steroid
abuse and,
313
b
Wernicke’s area, 434
f
,
455
language and,
455
–456
Wharton’s jelly, 1075
White blood cell(s),
128
, 129
t
, 137
f
,
632, 632
f
,
640
–645, 641
f
,
644
t
.
See also
specific type and
Leukocyte(s)
White blood cell count, 640, 641
f
differential, 641
f
,
653
–654
White columns/funiculi, 467
f
,
468
White fat (white adipose tissue), 130
Whitehead, 162
White matter,
393
, 430
of brain
brain stem, 443
cerebellar, 447
cerebral, 431,
437
, 438
f
, 439
f
of spinal cord, 467
f
, 468
White pulp, 757
f
,
758
White ramus communicans/rami
communicantes,
529
, 529
t
,
530
f
, 531, 532
f
Whole blood transfusions,
650
Willis, circle of (cerebral arterial
circle), 699, 726
f
, 727
f
,
727
t
Window of implantation, 1067
Windpipe.
See
Trachea
Wisdom teeth, 859, 860
f
Withdrawal (coitus interruptus), 1090
b
Withdrawal (flexor) reflex, 9,
518
, 518
f
Wolffian (mesonephric) ducts
in gonadal development,
1055
,
1056
f
in kidney development,
983
, 984
f
Wolff’s law, 188–189
Working (short-term) memory,
456
,
456
f
Wound healing/repair, 142–144,
143
f
, 768
f
, 769
by first/second intention,
149
Woven bone, 185
f
Wrist (carpus)
bones of (carpals), 200
f
,
232
–234,
232
f
, 233
t
muscles controlling movement of,
354–357
t
, 355
f
, 357
f
, 358
t
, 359
f
Wrist drop, 506
Wrist joint, 254
t
X chromosome,
1054
, 1096, 1101
f
homeostatic imbalances and,
1054–1055
sex-linked inheritance and, 1100–
1101
, 1101
f
Xenobiotics, male infertility and,
1033
XenograFs,
790
Xenon CT,
16
b
Xerostomia (dry mouth), 859,
905
thirst mechanism and, 994, 994
f
Xiphisternal joint, 225
f
,
226
Xiphoid process, 225, 225
f
X-linked inheritance, 1100–
1101
,
1101
f
X ray imaging,
16
b
Yawn, 824
t
Y chromosome,
1054
, 1096, 1101
f
homeostatic imbalances and,
1054–1055
sex-linked inheritance and, 1100,
1101
f
Yellow bone marrow, 178, 178
f
, 179
Yellow bone marrow cavity,
178
Yolk sac, 1073
f
,
1074
–1075, 1075
f
,
1076
f
, 1078
f
Z discs/lines,
281
in cardiac muscle, 671, 672
f
in skeletal muscle, 280
f
,
281
, 284
f
,
285, 285
f
Zinc, 26
t
, 915
t
Zona fasciculata,
612
, 612
f
Zona glomerulosa,
612
, 612
f
Zonal inhibiting proteins, 1066
Zona pellucida,
1045
, 1046
f
Zona reticularis,
612
, 612
f
Zygomatic arch, 206
f
,
208
Zygomatic bones, 203
f
, 204
f
, 206
f
,
212
,
217
t
Zygomatic branch of facial nerve,
497
t
, 498
t
Zygomatic process, 204
f
, 206
f
,
208
,
208
f
, 211
f
,
212
,
216
t
,
217
t
Zygomaticus muscles, 326
f
,
330
t
, 331
f
Zygote, 1019,
1065
, 1067
cleavage of,
1067
, 1071
f
Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZI±T),
1089
Zymogen granules,
882
–883, 882
f
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