I-54
Index
Tetramer fibrils, 88, 88
f
T
H
1 cells, 788.
See also
Helper T cells
T
H
2 cells, 788.
See also
Helper T cells
T
H
17 cells, 788.
See also
Helper T cells
±alamic nuclei, 441, 442
f
limbic system and, 449, 449
f
±alamus, 429, 438
f
, 439
f
, 440
f
,
441
,
442
f
, 444
f
, 445
f
, 450
t
development of, 429, 429
f
, 476
in memory, 457
f
, 458
±alassemias,
639
±alidomide,
1083
, 1102
±eca folliculi,
1045
, 1046
f
±enar eminence, muscles of, 360
t
,
361
f
±ermodyanmics, first law of, 938
±ermogenesis
chemical (nonshivering),
947
food-induced,
943
–944
±ermoreceptors,
484
, 485
t
peripheral and central,
945
±ermoregulation, 9, 10
f
, 537,
944–948, 944
f
, 945
f
, 946
f
.
See also
Body temperature,
regulation of
±ermoregulatory centers, 537,
945
,
946
f
±eta waves,
452
, 453
f
, 454
f
, 455
±iamine (vitamin B
1
), 912
t
±iazide diuretics, 976
±ick ascending limb/segment of
nephron loop, 959
f
, 960.
See
also
Nephron loop
±ick (myosin) filaments, 136,
281
in cardiac muscle, 671
in skeletal muscle, 280
f
,
281
, 282
f
,
283
t
in sliding filament model, 285,
285
f
in smooth muscle, 307, 308
f
, 311
t
±ick skin,
152
±igh
bones of, 238–239, 239
f
, 243
t
deep artery of,
734
t
, 735
f
muscles of/muscles controlling
movement of, 326
f
, 327
f
,
363–369
t
, 364
f
, 367–368
f
,
380
t
, 381
f
±in ascending limb/segment of
nephron loop, 960.
See also
Nephron loop
±in descending limb/segment of
nephron loop, 959
f
, 960.
See
also
Nephron loop
±in (actin) filaments, 87–88, 88
f
,
136,
281
in cardiac muscle, 311
t
, 671
cross bridge cycling and, 289, 292
f
in cytokinesis, 98, 101
f
in microvilli, 91, 91
f
in skeletal muscle, 280
f
,
281
, 282
f
,
283
t
, 311
t
in sliding filament model, 285, 285
f
in smooth muscle, 307, 308
f
±in skin,
152
±ird-class lever,
324
, 325
f
±ird-degree burns,
166
, 166
f
±ird-order neurons, in ascending
pathways,
469
, 470
f
±ird (placental) stage of labor, 1086
f
,
1087
Terminal branches/arborizations,
391
, 391
f
Terminal bronchioles,
810
, 812
f
, 813
f
Terminal cisterns,
284
, 284
f
in excitation-contraction
coupling, 289, 290–291
f
Terminal ganglia,
527
, 528
Terminal hair,
159
Terminal sulcus,
857
, 857
f
Terminal web, 87–88, 91
Termination
in transcription, 103, 103
f
in translation, 105, 107
f
Termination signal,
103
, 103
f
Terminology (anatomical), 2,
11–20.
See also
Anatomy,
terminology used in
Tertiary (segmental) bronchi,
810
,
811
f
Tertiary (antral/vesicular) follicles,
1036
, 1036
f
, 1044
f
, 1045–
1047, 1046
f
,
1047
, 1050
f
Tertiary structure of protein, 48–50,
49
f
Tertiary syphilis, 1053
Testes, 592
f
, 620, 1018,
1019
, 1019
f
,
1020–1022, 1020
f
, 1021
f
, 1023
f
descent of, 1055
failure of (cryptorchidism),
1022, 1057
embryologic/fetal development
of, 1055, 1056
f
rete,
1020
, 1021
f
Testicular arteries, 732
f
,
732
t
, 1020
f
,
1022
Testicular cancer, 1022
Testicular fluid,
1033
Testicular veins,
742
t
,
1022
Testis.
See
Testes
Testosterone, 615,
620
,
1033
,
1034–1035, 1034
f
, 1052
t
adrenal, 615, 616
t
, 1035
aging affecting production of,
1034, 1034
f
anabolic steroid use and, 312,
313
b
bone growth and, 186
in embryos, 1034, 1034
f
, 1035
erythropoietin production and,
637
gonadal development and, 1055
interstitial endocrine (Leydig) cell
production of, 1021–1022
in male reproductive function,
1033
–1035, 1034
f
, 1052
t
mechanism/effects of activity of,
1034–1035
metabolism and, 936
t
muscle strength/growth and, 312
somatic effects of, 1035
in spermatogenesis, 1033, 1034
f
terminal hair growth affected
by, 159
Tetanus (infection),
318
Tetanus (tetanic muscle contraction),
294
,
295
, 295
f
,
318
Tetany, 611
Tetrads, 1028
f
,
1029
, 1030
f
chromosome segregation in,
1097
–1098, 1097
f
Tetralogy of Fallot, 686, 687
f
Telophase
in meiosis, 1030
f
in mitosis, 97
f
,
98
, 101
f
Temperature
body.
See
Body temperature
chemical reaction rate affected
by, 37
gas solubility and, 824
hemoglobin saturation affected
by, 828–829, 832
f
Temperature receptors.
See
±ermoreceptors
Template strands, 97, 98
f
, 102, 103
f
Temporal artery, superficial, 726
f
,
726
t
, 727
f
pulse at, 710
f
Temporal bones, 203
f
, 204
f
, 205
f
,
206
f
, 207
f
,
208
–209, 208
f
,
216
t
, 244
f
, 267
Temporal branch of facial nerve,
497
t
, 498
t
Temporalis muscle, 326
f
, 331
f
,
332
t
,
333
f
Temporal lobe,
431
, 432
f
, 434
f
in memory, 457
f
, 458
Temporal (wave) summation,
294
by postsynaptic neuron, 411
f
,
412
, 412
t
Temporal vein, superficial, 738–739
f
,
738
t
Temporary abstinence methods, of
contraception, 1090
b
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ),
208, 211, 211
f
, 254
t
,
267
–269,
268
f
, 269
Tendon(s), 132,
279
.
See also
specific
named tendon
joint stability and, 255
of long head of biceps brachii
muscle, 264, 265
f
muscle attachment to,
279
, 279
f
Tendonitis,
270
Tendon organs, 486
t
,
487
, 514, 514
f
,
517, 517
f
Tendon reflex,
517
, 517
f
Tendon sheaths,
253
, 253
f
Teniae coli,
887
, 888
f
Tennis elbow,
384
Tension (muscle),
293
skeletal muscle contraction and,
293
smooth muscle contraction and,
309
Tension (cleavage) lines,
155
, 155
f
Tensor fasciae latae muscle, 326
f
,
363
t
, 364
f
,
366
t
, 380
t
Tensor tympani muscle,
572
, 572
f
Tensor veli palatini, 334
t
, 335
f
Tentorium cerebelli,
459
, 460
f
Teratogens,
1083
Teres major muscle, 327
f
, 348–349
f
,
350
t
, 351
f
,
352
t
, 358
t
Teres minor muscle, 348–349
f
,
350
t
,
351
f
,
352
t
, 358
t
Terminal arteriole, 695
f
,
698
, 698
f
Terminal boutons (axon terminals),
391
, 391
f
in chemical synapses, 407,
409
f
at neuromuscular junction, 286,
287
f
, 288
f
, 293, 294
f
, 511
Tachycardia,
684
paroxysmal atrial,
691
ventricular,
691
Tachykinin(s), 416
t
Tactile (Merkel) cells,
152
, 153
f
, 486
Tactile (Meissner’s) corpuscles, 154,
163, 486
t
,
487
Tactile (Merkel) discs, 152, 163, 485
t
,
486
Tailbone.
See
Coccyx
Tail of epididymis, 1021
f
, 1024
Tail of pancreas, 875
f
, 882
Tail of sperm, 90, 95
t
,
1032
, 1032
f
Talar shelf (sustentaculum tali), 241
f
,
242
Talus, 241
f
,
242
,
243
t
Tamoxifen, 1043
Tamponade, cardiac, 661
Target cells, hormone,
593
interaction at, 598
specificity of, 595–596
Target-SNAREs, in exocytosis, 77
f
, 78
Tarsal bones/tarsus, 200
f
, 241
f
,
242
,
243
t
Tarsal (Meibomian) glands, 545
f
,
546
Tarsal plates,
545
, 545
f
Tarsometatarsal joint, 255
t
Tarsus, bones of (tarsals), 200
f
, 241
f
,
242
,
243
t
Tastant, 569
Taste, 568–569, 568
f
, 570
f
cortical areas for, 434
f
, 436, 569,
570
f
development of sense of,
584–585
disorders/homeostatic imbalances
in sense of, 570
smell sensation and, 569
Taste buds,
568
, 568
f
, 857
activation of, 569
Taste cells (gustatory epithelial cells),
568
, 568
f
activation of, 569
Taste pore,
568
, 568
f
Taste receptors.
See
Taste buds
Taste sensations, 569
Taste transduction, 569
Tau protein, in Alzheimer’s disease,
464
Tay-Sachs disease, 87, 1100
T cell antigen receptors (TCRs), 785
f
,
786
, 787
f
T cell-dependent antigens,
788
T cell-independent antigens,
788
T cells.
See
T lymphocytes
TCRs.
See
T cell antigen receptors
Tears,
546
in body defense, 770
t
Tectorial membrane, 574
f
,
578
Tectospinal tract, 469
f
,
473
, 473
t
Tectum, 444, 445
f
Teeth,
859
–861, 860
f
sockets for (alveoli), 211,
217
t
,
859
articulation of tooth with
(gomphosis), 250
f
,
251
,
861
Telencephalon,
429
, 429
f
, 430
f
Telomerase, 111
Telomere(s),
111
Telomere clock, 111
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