Index
I-53
en passant, 511
postsynaptic potential/synaptic
integration and, 410–414,
410
f
, 411
f
, 412–413
t
Synapsis, 1028
f
,
1029
, 1030
f
Synaptic clef,
407
, 409
f
neuromuscular junction, 286, 287
f
Synaptic delay,
410
Synaptic integration, 410–414
Synaptic potentiation,
413
–414
Synaptic terminals, rod and cone, 557
Synaptic vesicles,
286
, 287
f
,
407
, 409
f
,
511
Synaptotagmin, 408
Synarthroses,
250
Synchondroses,
251
, 251
f
Syncope,
453
, 715
vasovagal (neurocardiogenic),
543
Syncytiotrophoblast (syncytial
trophoblast),
1070
, 1072
f
,
1073
f
Syncytium, cardiac muscle as,
671
Syndesmoses,
250
, 250
f
Syndrome oF inappropriate ADH
secretion (SIADH), 601, 602
t
,
1017
Synergism, hormone,
598
Synergist (muscle),
320
Synostoses,
250
Synovial (joint) cavities,
20
, 252,
252
f
.
See also
Joint (articular/
synovial) cavities
Synovial fluid,
252
, 252
f
Synovial joints,
252
–269, 252
f
, 253
t
,
260–261
f
.
See also
specific joint
blood supply oF, 252–253
bursae and tendon sheaths and,
253
, 253
f
Factors affecting stability oF,
255–256, 277
general structure oF, 252–253,
252
f
, 253
t
innervation oF, 252–253
movements allowed by, 9
f
,
256–258, 256–257
f
types oF, 258, 260–261
f
Synovial membrane,
252
, 252
f
Synovitis, 270,
275
Synthesis reactions,
36
, 36
f
dehydration.
See
Dehydration
synthesis
Synthetic growth hormone, 604–605
Synthetic skin, For burn injury, 166
Syphilis,
1053
System(s), organ.
See
Organ systems
Systemic anatomy,
2
Systemic blood pressure, 702–704,
703
f
, 704
f
Systemic circuit/circulation,
659
,
659
f
, 668, 669
f
, 721, 723
f
, 723
t
arteries oF, 721, 724–725
f
, 724
t
veins oF, 721, 736–737
f
, 736
t
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE),
794,
800
Systole,
679
, 680, 680
f
Systolic pressure,
703
, 703
f
, 710
T
3
.
See
Triiodothyronine
T
4
.
See
±yroxine
Tabes dorsalis,
523
Sutures (cranial),
201
, 201
f
, 203
f
,
250
,
250
f
.
See also
specific type
Swallowable imaging capsule, M2A,
17
b
Swallowing (deglutition), 851, 851
f
,
885
t
difficulty with
achalasia,
904
dysphagia,
905
epiglottis in, 808
muscles controlling, 334–335
t
, 335
f
Sweat, 161
in temperature regulation, 163
Sweat (sudoriFerous) glands,
160–
161
, 161
f
apocrine,
161
autonomic innervation/effects
and, 161, 532
f
, 536
t
eccrine (merocrine), 151
f
,
160
161, 161
f
Sweating, 160–161, 163
heat loss and, 163, 947
Sweat pores, 151
f
, 160–161
Sweet taste, 569
Swelling.
See also
Edema
in inflammation, 130, 767, 768,
768–769, 768
f
Symmetry, oF neuronal pathways, 468
Sympathectomy, For Raynaud’s
disease, 539
Sympathetic (thoracolumbar)
division oF autonomic nervous
system,
387
, 388
f
, 525
f
,
526
527, 526
f
, 527
f
,
529
–533, 529
t
,
530
f
, 532
f
adrenal medulla and, 532
f
, 533,
536
t
, 537
glomerular filtration regulated by,
967–968, 967
f
heart regulation and, 676, 677
f
,
682
f
, 683, 684, 705
f
in postabsorptive state regulation,
933, 935
salivation control and, 859
in stress response, 597, 616
Sympathetic fibers, 388
f
, 529–531
Sympathetic pathways, 529–533
with synapses in adrenal medulla,
532
f
, 533
with synapses in collateral ganglia,
530
f
, 531–533, 532
f
with synapses in trunk ganglia,
530
f
, 531, 532
f
Sympathetic (vasomotor) tone,
536
–537,
705
Sympathetic trunk (chain),
529
, 530
f
Sympathetic trunk (paravertebral)
ganglia, 502
f
,
529
–531, 530
f
,
532
f
Sympathetic venoconstriction,
venous return and, 704, 705
f
Sympatholytic agents, autonomic
activity and, 535
t
Sympathomimetic agents, autonomic
activity and, 535, 535
t
Symphyses,
251
–252, 251
f
Symport system,
73
, 75
f
Synapse(s),
407
–414, 408
f
chemical,
407
–410,
409
f
.
See also
Neurotransmitter(s)
electrical,
407
Supination (body movement),
258
,
259
f
oF upper limb, 358
t
, 359
f
Supinator muscle,
354
t
, 355
f
,
356
t
,
357
f
, 358
t
Support Function, oF bone, 176
Supporting cells,
565
,
580
in cochlea, 574
f
, 578
in crista ampullaris, 581, 582
f
in maculae,
580
, 580
f
in nervous tissue (neuroglia), 140,
388
–390, 389
f
in olFactory receptor,
565
–567,
566
f
Suppressor Factors, 790
t
Suprachiasmatic nucleus, 442, 442
f
,
454,
564
, 564
f
, 618
Supraclavicular nerves, 503
f
, 503
t
Supracondylar lines, medial and
lateral,
238
, 239
f
Supracondylar ridges, medial and
lateral,
230
, 230
f
Supraglenoid tubercle, 229
f
, 230
Suprahyoid muscles,
334
t
, 335
f
Supraoptic nuclei, 442, 442
f
,
599
Supraorbital Foramen/notch,
202
,
203
f
,
216
t
Supraorbital margins, 202, 203
f
Suprapatellar bursa, 262
f
Suprarenal arteries, 730
f
,
732
t
inFerior, 732
t
middle, 730
f
, 732
f
,
732
t
superior, 732
t
Suprarenal gland(s),
612
.
See also
Adrenal (suprarenal) gland(s)
Suprarenal veins, 736
f
, 742–743
f
,
742
t
Suprascapular artery, 728
f
, 729
f
Suprascapular nerve, 504
f
, 505
t
Suprascapular notch,
228
, 229
f
Supraspinatus muscle,
350
t
, 351
f
,
352
t
, 358
t
Supraspinous Fossa, 228, 229
f
Supraspinous ligament, 219
f
Suprasternal (jugular) notch,
225
,
225
f
Sural nerve, 508
f
,
509
, 509
t
SurFace anatomy,
2
SurFace tension, 34,
820
–821
alveolar,
820
–821
intrapleural pressure and, 817
oF water, 34–35, 35
f
SurFace-volume relationships, cell
division control and, 99
SurFactant, 811,
821
first breath and, 841, 1087
SurFactant protein A, 1085
Surgery, For obesity, 943
b
Surgical neck oF humerus,
230
, 230
f
Survival needs, 8
Suspension(s), 29
f
,
30
Suspensory ligament
oF breast,
1041
, 1042
f
oF lens oF eye, 548
f
,
549
, 552
f
in light Focusing, 555, 555
f
,
556
oF ovary, 1035
f
,
1036
, 1037
f
Sustenocytes (Sertoli cells), 1020,
1021
f
, 1031
f
,
1032
–1033
Sustentaculum tali, 241
f
,
242
Sutural bones, 203
f
,
210
Superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve,
373
t
, 508
f
, 509
t
Superficial palmar arch
arterial, 725
f
, 728
f
,
728
t
, 729
f
venous, 740–741
f
,
740
t
Superficial perineal space,
344
t
, 345
f
Superficial reflexes,
518
–519
Superficial temporal artery, 726
f
,
726
t
, 727
f
pulse at, 710
f
Superficial temporal vein, 738–739
f
,
738
t
Superficial transverse perineal
muscle,
344
t
, 345
f
Superficial veins
oF lower limbs, 744
f
,
744
t
oF upper limbs, 740–741
f
,
740
t
Superior (term), 12
t
Superior angle oF scapula, 228, 229
f
Superior articular process,
220
–221,
220
f
, 222
f
, 223
t
oF sacrum,
222
, 224
f
Superior border oF scapula, 228, 229
f
Superior cerebellar peduncles, 443–
445, 444
f
, 445
f
,
447
, 448
f
Superior cervical ganglion,
531
, 532
f
Superior colliculi,
444
, 444
f
, 445
f
,
473,
563
–564, 564
f
Superior costal Facet, 222, 223
t
, 226
f
Superior ganglion, 499
t
Superior gemellus muscle, 368
f
,
368
t
Superior gluteal artery, 734–735
f
,
734
t
Superior gluteal nerve, 508
f
,
509
, 509
t
Superior hypophyseal artery, 601
f
Superior iliac spines, 234–235,
234
,
235
f
, 236
f
Superior mesenteric artery, 725
f
, 730
f
,
731
f
, 732
f
,
732
t
, 733
f
, 888
f
Superior mesenteric ganglion/plexus,
529,
531
, 532
f
Superior mesenteric vein, 737
f
,
742–743
f
,
742
t
Superior nasal conchae,
210
, 214
f
,
217
t
, 804
f
, 805–806
Superior nasal meatus, 213, 214
f
, 804
f
Superior nuchal line, 203, 203
f
, 206
f
Superior oblique muscle,
547
, 547
f
Superior olivary nuclei,
579
, 579
f
Superior orbital fissure, 203
f
, 209
f
,
210
,
216
t
Superior pharyngeal constrictor
muscle, 335
f
,
335
t
Superior phrenic arteries,
729
t
Superior pubic ramus,
235
, 236
f
Superior rectal artery, 730
f
,
732
t
, 733
f
Superior rectus muscle,
547
, 547
f
Superior sagittal sinus, 460
f
, 738–
739
f
,
738
t
Superior salivatory nuclei, 528
Superior suprarenal artery, 732
t
Superior thyroid artery, 606, 606
f
,
726
f
,
726
t
, 727
f
Superior thyroid vein, 738–739
f
Superior tibiofibular joint, 240
f
, 241,
255
t
Superior vena cava,
662
, 663–665
f
,
669
f
, 736–737
f
,
736
t
,
738
t
Superior vesical arteries, 1087
Superior vestibular ganglion, 573
f
,
580
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