I-32
Index
Male(s)
pelvis in, 237
t
, 238
puberty in, 1034, 1034
f
, 1058
urethra in, 981–982, 981
f
, 1019,
1019
f
Male infertility, 1033
Male pattern baldness,
159
Male pronucleus,
1066
–1067, 1070
f
Male reproductive system, 7
f
.
See also
specific organ or structure
anatomy of, 1019–1026, 1019
f
,
1020
f
, 1022
f
, 1023
f
embryologic/fetal development
of, 1054–1057, 1056
f
, 1057
f
functions/physiology of, 7
f
, 8,
1026–1035, 1031
f
, 1032
f
hormonal regulation of, 1033–
1035, 1034
f
Male sexual response, 1026–1027
Malignant neoplasm,
145
b
.
See also
Cancer
Malleoli, medial and lateral, 240
f
,
241
Malleus (hammer), 571
f
,
572
, 572
f
,
577
f
MALT.
See
Mucosa-associated
lymphoid tissue
Maltase,
892
, 893
f
Maltose (malt sugar), 43, 44
f
, 892, 893
f
Mammary artery, internal (internal
thoracic artery), 727
f
, 728
f
,
729
f
,
729
t
Mammary glands (breasts),
161
,
1041
–1043, 1042
f
, 1043
f
cancer of, 1042–1043
lactation and, 1041, 1042
f
,
1087
1089, 1088
f
pregnancy affecting, 1082
prolactin affecting, 603
t
, 605, 606,
1088–1089, 1088
f
Mammillary bodies, 440
f
,
441
, 442
f
,
444
f
, 449
f
Mammography, 145
b
,
1042
, 1043
f
Mandible, 203
f
, 204
f
, 205
f
,
211
–212,
211
f
,
217
t
, 267, 268
f
Mandibular angle, 204
f
,
211
, 211
f
Mandibular branch of facial nerve,
497
t
, 498
t
Mandibular division of trigeminal
nerve (cranial nerve V
3
), 332
t
,
496
t
Mandibular foramina, 205
f
,
211
–212,
211
f
,
217
t
Mandibular fossa, 206
f
,
208
, 208
f
,
211
f
,
216
t
,
267
, 268
f
Mandibular notch, 204
f
,
211
, 211
f
Mandibular ramus/rami, 204
f
, 211, 211
f
Mandibular symphysis, 203
f
,
211
,
217
t
Manganese, 26
t
, 915
t
Manubrium, 225, 225
f
Marasmus,
953
Marfan’s syndrome,
149
Marginal artery
leF, 670
right, 663
f
,
670
, 670
f
Margination,
769
, 769
f
Marrow (bone).
See
Bone marrow
Marrow (medullary) cavity, 178,
178
f
, 179
Masculinization
in adrenogenital syndrome, 615,
616
t
hirsutism and, 159
Lysis, cell, in antibody mechanism of
action, 782, 782
f
Lysosomal enzymes
in bone resorption, 187
in thyroid hormone synthesis,
608
f
, 609
Lysosomes, 63
f
, 75, 76
f
,
86
–87, 86
f
,
87
f
, 95
t
in phagocytosis, 75, 77
f
, 766, 767
f
in Tay-Sachs disease, 87
Lysozyme, 765
intestinal secretion of, 877
in lacrimal fluid,
546
in mucus, 805
in saliva, 859
M2A swallowable imaging capsule,
17
b
MAC (membrane attack complex),
772
–773, 772
f
Macrocytes,
639
Macromolecules,
47
Macrophage(s), 75,
128
–129, 128
f
,
642
, 643
f
,
754
, 755
f
,
766
,
767
f
, 769–771, 777.
See also
Phagocytosis/phagocytes
alveolar,
812
, 813
f
antigen presentation by, 163, 777
dermal, 163
in PNS nerve fiber regeneration,
491, 492
f
stellate (hepatic),
697
, 766,
878
,
880
f
in tissue repair, 142, 143
f
Macroscopic (gross) anatomy,
2
Macula(e), of utricle and saccule, 573,
573
f
, 576
t
,
580
–581, 580
f
, 581
f
Macula densa, 962
f
,
963
tubuloglomerular feedback and,
966, 967
f
, 968
Macula lutea, 548
f
,
551
, 551
f
Macular degeneration, age-related
(ARMD),
590
Magnesium, 26
t
, 915
t
balance/imbalance of, 998
t
, 1012
dietary, 915
t
in plasma/interstitial fluid/
intracellular fluid, 992
f
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),
14, 15
f
,
17
b
, 433
f
in diagnosis of CNS dysfunction,
474
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
(MRS),
17
b
Magnitude estimation,
489
Main (primary) bronchi, 802
f
,
810
,
811
f
Main pancreatic duct, 875
f
,
882
Major calyces,
956
, 957
f
Major duodenal papilla,
875
, 875
f
Major histocompatibility complex
(MHC)/MHC proteins,
774
,
784–786, 785
f
, 786
t
positive/negative selection and,
776, 776
f
transplantation and, 790
Major histocompatibility complex
(MHC) restriction, 785–786
Major nutrients,
907
Major (extrinsic) salivary glands,
858
Malabsorption,
898
developmental aspects of,
759–760
digestive system and, 761
b
, 900
b
endocrine system and, 626
b
, 761
b
functions of, 7
f
homeostatic relationships of, 761
b
integumentary system and, 168
b
,
761
b
lymph nodes in, 695
f
, 751, 752
f
,
753
f
,
755
–757, 755
f
, 756
f
muscular system and, 314
b
, 761
b
organs of,
751
, 756
f
,
757
–759,
757
f
, 758
f
, 759
f
, 760
f
reproductive system and, 761
b
,
1059
b
respiratory system and, 761
b
,
843
b
skeletal system and, 195
b
, 761
b
urinary system and, 761
b
, 1013
b
vessels of (lymphatics), 695
f
, 751,
752
Lymphatic tissues.
See
Lymphoid
tissues
Lymphatic trunks, 752
f
,
753
, 753
f
Lymphatic vessels (lymphatics), 695
f
,
751,
752
–754, 753
f
.
See also
specific type and
Lymphatic
system
afferent and efferent,
755
–756,
756
f
Lymphedema, 754
Lymph node(s), 695
f
, 751, 752
f
, 753
f
,
755
–757, 755
f
, 756
f
.
See also
specific type
in cancer, 756
in infection, 756
malignancy of (Hodgkin’s
lymphoma),
763
sentinel,
763
Lymph node capsule,
755
, 756
f
Lymphocytes, 128, 128
f
, 137
f
, 634
f
,
641
f
,
642
, 644
t
,
754
, 755
f
, 773,
775–777, 775
f
, 776
f
.
See also
B
lymphocytes; T lymphocytes
intraepithelial, 877
large granular, 766
Lymphocytic leukemia, 645
Lymphoid cells, 754, 755
f
Lymphoid follicles/nodules,
755
, 756
f
aggregated (Peyer’s patches), 755,
756
f
,
759
, 760
f
Lymphoid organs,
751
, 756
f
,
757
759, 757
f
, 758
f
, 759
f
, 760
f
.
See
also
specific type and
Lymph
node(s)
developmental aspects of,
759–760
primary/secondary,
776
Lymphoid stem cells,
642
, 643
f
, 644
Lymphoid tissues,
751
,
754
–755
cancer of
Hodgkin’s lymphoma,
763
non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma,
763
developmental aspects of,
759–760
mucosa-associated (MALT),
759
,
854
f
,
855
, 876
f
Lymphoma,
763
Lymph sacs,
759
–760
Lymph sinuses,
755
Lysine, 48
f
Lumbosacral plexus,
506
–509, 507
f
,
507
t
, 508
f
, 509
t
Lumbosacral trunk,
506
, 507
f
, 508
f
Lumbrical muscles
of foot,
376
t
, 377
f
of hand, 361
f
,
362
t
Lumen,
693
alimentary canal, 854
f
blood vessel,
693
, 694
f
Lumpectomy,
1043
Lunate, 232
f
, 233
t
,
234
Lung(s), 802
f
, 805
t
, 812–816, 814
f
,
815
, 815
f
.
See also
under
Pulmonary and Respiratory
autonomic innervation/effects
and, 527
f
, 528
f
, 532
f
, 536
t
blood supply/blood flow/
perfusion of, 715, 814
f
,
815–816
collapse of,
817
developmental aspects of, 841–
842, 842
f
innervation of (pulmonary
plexus),
528
, 532
f
, 816,
816
Lung (respiratory) alveoli, 805
t
,
811
,
812
f
, 813
f
, 842
gas partial pressures in, 825, 825
t
Lung cancer, 841
Lung compliance,
821
Lung recoil
in expiration, 818
f
, 819
intrapleural pressure and, 817
Lung root, 814
f
,
815
Lung volume reduction surgery, 840
Lunule, 160, 160
f
Lupus erythematosus, systemic (SLE),
794,
800
Luteal phase of ovarian cycle, 1046
f
,
1047, 1050
f
Luteinizing hormone (LH), 601
f
,
603
t
,
605
,
1033
in female reproductive function
ovarian cycle/ovulation, 1047,
1048–1049, 1048
f
, 1049,
1050
f
uterine (menstrual) cycle,
1049, 1050
f
in male reproductive function,
1033
, 1034
f
Luteolytic (ischemic) phase, of
ovarian cycle, 1047
Luxation(s)/dislocation(s),
270
Lyme disease,
272
Lymph, 751,
752
, 754
Lymphadenopathy,
763
Lymphangiography,
763
Lymphangitis, 754
Lymphatic capillary valves, 752, 752
f
Lymphatic capillaries, 695
f
,
752
–753,
752
f
Lymphatic collecting vessels, 752
f
,
753
, 753
f
Lymphatic ducts, 752
f
, 753
f
,
754
Lymphatics.
See
Lymphatic vessels
Lymphatic system, 7
f
, 695
f
,
751
,
752–754, 752
f
, 753
f
autonomic nervous system and,
540
b
, 761
b
cardiovascular system and, 746
b
,
761
b
case study and, 763
b
cells and tissues of, 754–755, 755
f
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