Index
I-27
Inferior mesenteric artery, 725
f
, 730
f
,
732
f
,
732
t
, 733
f
Inferior mesenteric ganglion,
531
, 532
f
Inferior mesenteric vein, 737
f
,
742–743
f
,
742
t
Inferior nasal conchae, 203
f
,
212
,
214
f
,
217
t
, 804
f
, 805–806
Inferior nasal meatus, 213, 214
f
, 804
f
Inferior nuchal line, 203, 203
f
, 206
f
Inferior oblique muscle,
547
, 547
f
Inferior olivary nuclei,
446
Inferior orbital fissure, 203
f
,
212
,
217
t
Inferior pharyngeal constrictor
muscle, 335
f
,
335
t
Inferior phrenic arteries, 730
f
,
731
t
,
732
f
Inferior phrenic veins, 742–743
f
,
742
t
Inferior pubic ramus,
235
, 236
f
Inferior rectus muscle,
547
, 547
f
Inferior sagittal sinus, 738–739
f
,
738
t
Inferior salivatory nuclei, 528
Inferior suprarenal artery, 732
t
Inferior thyroid artery, 606, 606
f
Inferior tibiofibular joint, 240
f
, 241,
255
t
Inferior vena cava,
662
, 663–665
f
,
669
f
, 736–737
f
,
736
t
, 742–
743
f
,
742
t
Inferior vestibular ganglion, 573
f
,
580
Infertility, male, 1033
Inflammation/inflammatory
response, 142, 143
f
,
767
–771,
768
f
, 769
f
, 770
t
aging and, 111
in antibody mechanism of action,
782, 782
f
in tissue repair, 142, 143
f
, 768
f
Inflammatory bowel disease,
905
Inflammatory chemicals.
See
Chemical mediators
Inflammatory joint disease, 270–272,
272
f
Inflation (Hering-Breuer) reflex,
838
Infrahyoid muscles,
334
t
, 335
f
Infraorbital foramen, 203
f
, 206
f
, 211
f
,
212
,
217
t
Infrapatellar bursa, 262
f
Infrapatellar fat pad, 262
f
Infraspinatus muscle, 327
f
, 348–349
f
,
350
t
, 351
f
,
352
t
Infraspinous fossa, 228, 229
f
Infratemporal fossa, 268
f
, 269
Infundibulum,
441
hypothalamic-pituitary gland,
441
, 442
f
, 444
f
,
598
, 600
f
uterine tube, 1035
f
,
1037
, 1037
f
Ingestion (food intake),
851
, 851
f
,
885
t
.
See also
Food, ingestion/
intake of
Inguinal hernia,
1063
Inguinal ligament, 235
Inguinal lymph nodes, 753
f
Inguinal (iliac) regions,
19
, 20
f
Inhalation.
See
Inspiration
Inheritance, 1099–1101, 1099
f
, 1100
t
,
1101
f
, 1102–1103.
See also
specific type
Inhibin,
1033
in female reproductive function,
1048
f
, 1049
in male reproductive function,
1033
, 1034
f
Immunological memory, 773,
779
780, 779
f
.
See also
Memory
cells
Immunology,
800
Immunopathology,
800
Immunosuppressive therapy, a±er
transplant, 790–792
Impacted teeth, 859
Impaired function, in inflammation,
767, 768
f
Impetigo,
171
Implantation,
1067
–1071, 1071
f
,
1072
f
Imprinting, genomic,
1102
–1103
Inactivation gate, action potential
and, 400, 401, 403
f
Inborn errors of metabolism, 948
Inborn (intrinsic) reflex, 513
Incisive fossa, 205
f
, 206
f
,
212
,
217
t
Incisors,
859
–860, 860
f
Inclusions,
81
, 94
t
, 95
t
Incompetent heart valve, 668, 679
Incomplete antigen,
774
Incomplete dominance,
1100
Incomplete fracture, 191
Incomplete proteins, 909
t
, 910
Incomplete (unfused) tetanus,
294
,
295
f
Incontinence, urinary,
982
, 985, 1083
Incretins, 622
t
, 625
b
Incus (anvil), 571
f
,
572
, 572
f
, 577
f
Independent assortment, 1097–
1098
,
1097
f
Indifferent stage, of gonadal
development,
1055
, 1056
f
,
1057
f
Indirect muscle attachments,
279
Indirect (extrapyramidal) pathways,
469, 471–
473
, 473
t
, 512
Indolamines,
414
Infant, adjustment to extrauterine life
by, 1087
Infant respiratory distress syndrome
(IRDS),
821
Infarct
myocardial,
671
, 685
renal,
989
Infection
burn injury and, 166
tissue repair in, 143
Infectious granulomas, 771
Infectious mononucleosis, 645,
763
Inferior (term), 12
t
Inferior angle of scapula, 228, 229
f
Inferior articular process, 219
f
,
220
221, 222
f
, 223
t
Inferior cerebellar peduncles, 444
f
,
445, 445
f
,
447
, 448
f
Inferior cervical ganglion,
531
, 532
f
Inferior colliculus,
444
, 444
f
, 445
f
,
579
, 579
f
Inferior costal facet, 222, 222
f
, 223
t
Inferior ganglion, 499
t
Inferior gemellus muscle, 368
f
,
368
t
Inferior gluteal artery, 734
f
,
734
t
Inferior gluteal line,
235
, 236
f
Inferior gluteal nerve, 508
f
,
509
, 509
t
Inferior horns, 431
f
, 439
f
Inferior hypogastric (pelvic) plexus,
528
f
,
529
Inferior hypophyseal artery, 600
f
Inferior iliac spines, 234, 235
f
, 236
f
Immune (antigen-antibody)
complexes,
781
, 782
f
Immune complex (type III)
hypersensitivity,
796
Immune response.
See
Immunity/
immune response
Immune surveillance,
789
Immune system, 7
f
, 764–800,
765
.
See also
Immunity; Lymphatic
system
adaptive defenses and,
765
, 765
f
,
773
–796, 791
f
, 792
t
autonomic nervous system and,
540
b
, 796
cardiovascular system and, 746
b
cells of, 774–778, 775
f
, 776
f
, 777
f
,
779
t
, 792
t
.
See also
specific type
genetically modified, in cancer
treatment, 146
b
chimeric,
792
developmental aspects of, 796
digestive system and, 900
b
endocrine system and, 626
b
homeostatic imbalances/disorders
of, 792–796, 795
f
aging and, 111
HIV infection/AIDS,
793
–794
innate defenses and,
764
, 765–
773, 765
f
, 770
t
, 791
f
.
See also
Innate defenses
integumentary system and, 168
b
lymph nodes in activation of, 755
nervous system and, 796
reproductive system and, 1059
b
respiratory system and, 761
b
,
843
b
skeletal system and, 195
b
stem cells of, 796
urinary system and, 761
b
, 1013
b
Immune tolerance.
See also
Self-
tolerance
transplantation and, 792
Immunity/immune response, 7
f
,
142,
764
.
See also
Immune
system
active,
780
, 780
f
artificially acquired, 780, 780
f
cellular (cell-mediated), 779
t
,
784–790, 785
f
, 786
f
, 787
f
,
788
f
, 789
f
, 790
t
, 791
f
.
See
also
Cellular (cell-mediated)
immunity; T lymphocytes
homeostatic imbalances of,
792–796, 795
f
humoral (antibody-mediated),
765
f
,
773
, 778–784, 779
f
,
779
t
, 780
f
, 781
f
, 782
f
, 783
t
,
791
f
.
See also
Antibodies;
Humoral (antibody-mediated)
immunity
naturally acquired, 780, 780
f
passive,
780
, 780
f
primary, 778
f
,
779
, 779
f
, 780
secondary, 778
f
,
779
, 779
f
, 780
Immunization,
800
Immunocompetence,
775
–776
Immunodeficiency,
793
–794
Immunogenicity,
774
Immunoglobulin(s), 51
t
, 642,
780
–784, 781
f
, 782
f
, 783
t
,
791
f
, 792
t
.
See also
specific type
under Ig and
Antibodies
Hypovolemic shock,
717
, 720
f
, 967,
995
Hypoxemic hypoxia,
829
Hypoxia, 637,
829
erythropoietin release and, 637,
637
f
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), 637
Hysterectomy,
1063
H zones, 280
f
,
281
, 284
f
, 285, 285
f
I.
See
Iodine
I bands,
281
in cardiac muscle, 671, 672
f
in skeletal muscle, 280
f
,
281
, 284
f
,
285, 285
f
ICF.
See
Intracellular fluid
Identical twins, 1047
IF.
See
Interstitial (tissue) fluid
IFNs.
See
Interferons
Ig(s) (immunoglobulins), 51
t
, 642,
780
–784, 781
f
, 782
f
, 783
t
.
See
also
Antibodies
IgA, 781, 783
t
in breast milk/colostrum, 1088
secretory, 783
t
IgA antibodies, in saliva, 859
IgD, 781, 783
t
IgE, 781, 783
t
in immediate hypersensitivity,
783
t
, 795, 795
f
IgG, 781, 783
t
IgM, 781, 783
t
IL.
See
under Interleukin
Ileoanal juncture, 890
Ileocecal valve/sphincter,
875
,
886–887, 886
t
, 888
f
Ileocolic artery, 730
f
,
732
t
, 733
f
Ileostomy, 890
Ileum, 850
f
,
875
, 888
f
Ileus,
905
Iliac arteries
common, 724
f
,
724
t
, 725
f
, 730
f
,
732
f
,
732
t
, 733
f
, 734–735
f
,
734
t
external, 725
f
, 734–735
f
,
734
t
internal, 725
f
, 734–735
f
,
734
t
Iliac crest,
234
, 235
f
, 236
f
Iliac fossa,
235
, 235
f
, 236
f
Iliac (inguinal) regions,
19
, 20
f
Iliac spines,
234
–235, 235
f
, 236
f
Iliacus muscle,
363
t
, 364
f
Iliac veins
common, 736–737
f
,
736
t
,
742–743
f
, 744
f
,
744
t
external, 737
f
, 742–743
f
, 744
f
,
744
t
internal, 737
f
, 742–743
f
, 744
f
,
744
t
Iliocostalis cervicis/lumborum/
thoracis muscles,
338
t
, 339
f
Iliofemoral ligament,
267
, 267
f
Iliohypogastric nerve, 507
f
, 507
t
Ilioinguinal nerve, 507
f
, 507
t
Iliopsoas muscle, 326
f
,
363
t
, 364
f
,
380
t
Iliotibial tract, 327
f
Ilium,
234
–235, 235
f
, 236
f
Imaging (medical), 16–17
b
Imatinib, 146
b
Immediate (acute/type I)
hypersensitivity,
795
, 795
f
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