I-24
Index
heart murmurs and, 679
homeostatic imbalances and,
667–668
Heat.
See also
Body temperature
heart rate affected by, 684
in inflammation, 767, 768
f
loss of, 163, 945, 945
f
, 946
f
, 947
insensible, 163,
945
sensible, 163, 945
muscles in generation of, 278,
301, 944
production of, 945–947, 946
f
metabolic rate and, 941–944
thermoregulatory responses to,
537, 945, 946
f
Heat capacity, of water, 38
Heat cramps, 945
Heat exchange, 944–945, 945
f
, 947
blood in, 944, 945
f
Heat exhaustion, 947
Heat-loss center,
945
, 946
f
Heat-promoting center,
945
, 946
f
Heat shock proteins (hsp), 51
Heat stroke,
947
Heat therapy, in cancer treatment,
146
b
Heat of vaporization, of water, 38,
945
Heavy (H) chains,
781
, 781
f
Heavy metals,
60
Heavy metal salts, skin penetrated by,
162, 163
Heimlich maneuver,
809
Helicobacter pylori,
peptic ulcers and,
869, 869
f
Helicotrema, 574
f
,
575
, 577
f
Helium
atomic number of, 27
atomic structure of, 25
f
, 27, 27
f
as chemically inert element, 31, 31
f
mass number of, 27
Helix, of auricle,
570
, 571
f
Helper T cells, 784, 785
f
,
787
–788,
787
f
, 788
f
, 791
f
, 792
t
B cell activation and, 787–788,
788
f
CD8 cell activation and, 788, 788
f
HIV infection and, 793
innate immunity and, 788
in phagocytosis, 766
Hematocrit,
632
, 632
f
erythropoietin affecting, 637
Hematology,
657
Hematoma, 157,
191
,
657
in bone repair,
191
, 191
f
Hematopoiesis (hemopoiesis),
636
,
654
bone marrow as site of, 177, 636,
654
Hematopoietic hormones, for cancer,
642
Hematopoietic stem cells,
128
,
636
,
636
f
, 642, 643
f
, 645
f
Hematopoietic tissue, location of in
bones, 179
Hematuria, 980
t
Heme,
635
, 635
f
Hemiazygos vein, 740–741
f
,
741
t
Hemiplegia, 463, 474
Hemochromatosis,
657
,
905
Hemocytoblast (hematopoietic stem
cell),
128
,
636
, 636
f
, 642, 643
f
autonomic innervation/effects
and, 527
f
, 528
f
, 532
f
, 536
t
,
540
b
, 676–677, 677
f
, 682
f
,
683, 684
base of,
659
, 660
f
before birth, 685–686, 686
f
, 1079,
1080
f
aFer birth, 686–687, 1080
f
, 1087
blood flow through/perfusion of,
659
, 659
f
, 668, 669
f
, 670
f
, 712,
712
f
, 715
blood supply of (coronary
circulation),
668
–671, 670
f
blood volume in, 699
f
case study and, 691
b
chambers of, 662, 663–665
f
development of, 685–686, 686
f
conduction system of.
See also
Conduction system of heart
extrinsic, 676–677, 677
f
intrinsic,
674
–676, 674
f
, 675
f
congenital defects of,
686
, 687
f
coverings of, 660–661, 661
f
developmental aspects of, 685–
687, 686
f
, 687
f
±rank-Starling law of,
682
great vessels and, 662
hormones produced by, 621, 622
t
.
See also
Atrial natriuretic
peptide
layers of, 661, 661
f
muscle tissue of.
See
Cardiac
muscle
physiology of, 674–685
cardiac output and, 681–685,
682
f
, 683
f
electrical events and, 674–678,
674
f
, 675
f
, 677
f
, 678
f
, 679
f
heart sounds and,
678
–679,
679
f
mechanical events (cardiac
cycle) and,
679
–681, 680
f
pulmonary circuit of,
659
, 659
f
,
668, 669
f
size/location/orientation of, 659,
660
f
systemic circuit of,
659
, 659
f
, 668,
669
f
valves of.
See
Heart valves
Heart attack (myocardial infarction),
671
cardiac output and, 685
Heart block,
676
, 679
f
Heartburn,
862
–863
pregnancy and, 1083
Heart failure,
685
Heart murmurs,
679
Heart palpitation,
690
Heart rate
cardiac output and, 681, 682, 682
f
,
683–684, 704, 705
f
, 709
f
fetal, 684
homeostatic imbalances and, 676,
684, 684–685
normal, 684
regulation of, 683–685
resting, 684
Heart sounds,
678
–679, 679
f
, 680
f
Heart tube, 685, 686
f
Heart valves, 662–668, 665
f
, 666
f
,
667
f
, 668
f
aging and, 687
Hapten(s),
774
Hard (bony) callus, in bone repair,
191
, 191
f
Hard (foveal) focus, 551
Hard keratin, 157.
See also
Keratin
Hard palate, 206
f
, 212, 214
f
,
803
,
804
f
, 856
f
,
857
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis,
800
Haustra (haustrum),
887
, 888
f
Haustral contractions, 885
t
,
890
Haversian (central) canal, 136, 137
f
,
181
, 182
f
Haversian system (osteon), 136,
181
,
181
f
, 182
f
Hb.
See
Hemoglobin
Hb±.
See
±etal hemoglobin
HbO
2
.
See
Oxyhemoglobin
HbS.
See
Hemoglobin S
hCG.
See
Human chorionic
gonadotropin
HCO
3
2
.
See
Bicarbonate/bicarbonate
ion
HDLs.
See
High-density lipoproteins
He.
See
Helium
Head.
See also
Skull
arteries supplying, 725
f
, 726–727
f
,
726–727
t
muscles of/muscles controlling
movement of, 326
f
, 336
t
, 337
f
facial expression and, 326
f
,
329
f
, 329–330
t
, 331
f
mastication/tongue control
and, 332
t
, 333
f
sympathetic pathways to, 531,
532
f
trauma to, brain injury and,
462–463
veins of, 736–737
f
, 738–739
f
, 738
t
Headache, sinus, 806
Head (bone marking), 179, 180
t
of femur,
238
, 239
f
ligament of (ligamentum
teres), 238,
267
, 267
f
of fibula, 240
f
,
241
of humerus,
228
, 230
f
of metacarpals, 232
f
,
234
of radius, 230
f
, 231
f
,
232
of rib, 226, 226
f
of ulna, 231
f
,
232
Head of epididymis, 1021
f
, 1024
Head injury, traumatic brain injury
and, 462–463
Head of pancreas, 875
f
, 882
Head of sperm,
1029
–1032, 1032
f
Healing, 142–144, 143
f
, 768
f
, 769
by first and second intention,
149
fracture, 191–192, 191
f
Healthy Eating Pyramid,
907
, 907
f
Hearing, 575–579, 575
f
, 576
f
, 577
f
,
578
f
, 579
f
, 585.
See also
Ear
cortical areas in, 434
f
, 436, 579
Hearing loss,
584
loudness and, 576, 584
vestibulocochlear damage
causing, 498
t
Heart, 658–691,
659
.
See also
under
Cardiac
age-related changes affecting,
686–687
anatomy of, 659–671, 660
f
,
663–665
f
apex of,
659
, 660
f
, 663
f
GTP (guanosine triphosphate), 73,
594
Guanine (G),
53
, 54
f
Guanosine diphosphate (GDP), 594
Guanosine triphosphate, (GTP), 73,
594
Guanylyl cyclase, 417
Gubernaculum,
1055
Gum (gingiva), 856
f
,
860
, 860
f
Gum disease, 861
Gummas, syphilitic, 1053
Gustatory (taste) cortex, 434
f
,
436
,
569, 570
f
Gustatory epithelial cells,
568
, 568
f
,
569
Gustatory hairs,
568
, 568
f
Gustatory pathway, 569, 570
f
Gustducin, 569
Gut.
See
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract
Gut brain,
852
, 853
f
Gut-brain peptides,
417
Gynecology,
1063
Gynecomastia,
1063
Gyri (gyrus),
431
, 432
f
H.
See
Hydrogen
Hageman factor, 647
t
Hair(s),
157
–160, 158
f
, 167
Hair bulb,
157
, 158
f
Hair bulge, 159
Hair cells
cochlear, 574
f
, 578–579, 578
f
in crista ampullaris, 581, 582
f
in equilibrium, 580, 580
f
, 581,
581
f
, 582
f
in hearing, 574
f
, 578–579, 578
f
,
584
in maculae,
580
, 580
f
, 581
f
Hair follicle(s), 151
f
,
157
–159, 158
f
Hair follicle receptor (root hair plexus),
151
f
,
157
, 163, 485
t
,
486
Hair loss, 159–160, 167
Hair matrix, 158
f
,
159
Hair papilla, 158, 158
f
Hair root, 151
f
, 157, 158
f
Hair shaF, 151
f
, 157, 158
f
Haldane effect,
832
Half-life,
598
hormone,
598
radioisotope, 28
Halitosis, 859
Hallucinations
olfactory, 570
preseizure (auras),
453
Hallux (great toe),
242
, 243
t
Hamate, 232
f
, 233
t
,
234
Hammer (malleus), 571
f
,
572
, 572
f
,
577
f
Hamstring muscles, 327
f
,
363
t
, 367
f
,
369
t
, 381
f
Hamstring strain,
384
Hand
bones of, 232–234, 232
f
, 233
t
muscles controlling movement of,
354–357
t
, 355
f
, 357
f
intrinsic muscles, 354
t
, 360–
362
t
, 361
f
Handedness, 437
bone strength and, 189, 189
f
Haploid chromosomal number (
n
),
1027
, 1029
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