I-20
Index
Fibrous joints,
250
–251, 250
f
, 253
t
Fibrous layer
of eye,
549
of joint capsule,
252
, 252
f
of periosteum, 178
Fibrous pericardium,
660
, 661
f
Fibrous (atherosclerotic) plaques,
700
b
Fibrous (structural) proteins,
50
, 51
t
Fibrous sheath, hair follicle, 158, 158
f
Fibula, 200
f
, 240
f
,
241
,
243
t
in knee joint, 262–263
f
Pott’s fracture of, 240
f
, 241
Fibular (peroneal) artery, 734–735
f
,
735
t
Fibular collateral ligament, 262–263
f
,
263
Fibularis (peroneus) brevis muscle,
372
f
,
373
t
, 374–375
f
, 380
t
Fibularis (peroneus) longus muscle,
326
f
, 327
f
, 371
f
, 372
f
,
373
t
,
374–375
f
, 380
t
Fibularis (peroneus) tertius muscle,
370
t
, 371
f
, 372
f
, 380
t
Fibular (peroneal) muscles,
370
t
,
381
f
.
See also
specific muscle
Fibular (peroneal) nerve
common, 508, 508
f
,
509
, 509
t
deep, 508
f
, 509
t
leg muscles supplied by, 369
t
,
370
t
, 373
t
superficial, 508
f
, 509
t
Fibular notch,
241
Fibular (peroneal) retinacula,
370
t
,
372
f
Fibular (peroneal) vein, 744
f
,
744
t
“Fight-or-flight” response
adrenal medulla in, 616, 616
t
, 617
f
autonomic nervous system in,
526, 536, 616
Filamentous (F) actin, 281
Filaments (muscle cell/
myofilaments),
136
–137,
281
in skeletal muscle,
280
f
,
281
, 282
f
,
283
t
in smooth muscle, 307, 308
f
Filaments (olfactory nerve), 492–493,
493
f
, 494
t
,
566
, 566
f
Filiform papillae,
857
, 857
f
Filling in, 551
Filopodia, 423
Filtrate,
958
Filtration, 717
in capillaries, 717
glomerular, 963, 963
f
, 964
f
,
965
–968, 965
f
, 967
f
lymph node, 755
Filtration membrane, 964
f
,
965
Filtration slits,
960
, 964
f
Filum terminale, 465
f
,
466
Fimbriae, 1035
f
, 1037, 1037
f
Finasteride, 159, 1025
Finger(s),
234
bones of (phalanges), 200
f
, 232
f
,
233
t
,
234
carpometacarpal joint of, 254
t
interphalangeal joints of, 254
t
muscles controlling movement
of, 354–357
t
, 355
f
, 357
f
, 358
t
,
359
f
intrinsic hand muscles, 354
t
,
360–362
t
, 361
f
Ferritin,
637
, 638
f
,
898
Fertilization (conception), 7, 1019,
1044
f
, 1045,
1065
–1067,
1065
f
, 1068–1069
f
, 1070
f
.
See
also
Zygote
in vitro,
1089
random, 1098–1099
in uterine tube, 1037, 1071
f
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), 1083
Fetal circulation, 745, 1074
f
, 1079–
1081, 1080
f
changes in at birth, 1080
f
, 1087
Fetal fibronectin, 1085
Fetal heart rate, 684
Fetal hemoglobin (hemoglobin F),
640,
654
Fetal period, 1065, 1081–1082, 1081
f
,
1084
t
Fetal testing, 1103–1104, 1104
f
Fetus,
1065
, 1065
f
, 1081
f
development of, 1065, 1081–1082,
1081
f
, 1084
t
vascular modifications in, 745,
1074
f
, 1079–1081, 1080
f
Fever,
773
, 947–948
in body defense, 770
t
,
773
heart rate and, 684
metabolic rate and, 941
Fever blisters (cold sores),
171
Fiber (dietary), 890, 892, 908, 909
t
Fibers
connective tissue, 127, 128
f
muscle.
See
Muscle cells/fibers
Fibrillation, cardiac,
676
, 679
f
Fibrils (myofibrils),
279
, 310
t
cardiac muscle, 310
t
skeletal muscle,
279
–282,
280
f
,
282
f
,
283
t
, 284
f
, 310
t
Fibrin,
648
, 648
f
Fibrin mesh (blood clot), 142, 143
f
,
646
f
, 647, 648–649, 648
f
, 649
f
.
See also
Coagulation
factors limiting growth of, 649
factors preventing undesirable
formation of, 649
in inflammation, 768
f
, 769
in unbroken vessel (thrombus),
650
Fibrinogen, 633
t
, 647
t
,
648
, 648
f
Fibrinolysis,
649
Fibrin stabilizing factor (FSF), 647
t
,
648
, 648
f
Fibroblasts,
128
, 128
f
, 129
t
, 130, 131
f
,
133
f
in tissue repair, 142, 143
f
Fibrocartilage, 129
t
, 136
f
,
143
,
174
,
175
f
skeletal,
174
, 175
f
in symphyses, 251, 251
f
Fibrocartilaginous callus, in bone
repair,
191
, 191
f
Fibrocytes, 129
t
Fibromyositis (fibromyalgia),
318
Fibronectin, 127
fetal, 1085
Fibrosis,
142
, 143
f
pulmonary, 821
Fibrous capsule
of kidney,
955
, 956
f
of multicellular exocrine gland, 124
Fibrous (dense) connective tissue,
129
t
, 130–132,
130
, 133–134
f
omega-3,
47
, 938
oxidation of, 926, 926
f
, 929
t
trans (trans fats),
47
, 908, 909
t
Fatty pads,
253
Fatty streak,
700
b
Fauces,
857
isthmus of, 804
f
,
806
Fe.
See
Iron
Feature abstraction,
489
Feces,
887
, 891
bile in, 881–882
expulsion of in defecation, 851
f
,
852, 885
t
, 891–892, 891
f
Fed (absorptive) state, 931, 931–933,
931
f
, 932
f
Feedback.
See also
Negative feedback;
Positive feedback
in homeostasis, 9, 9
f
internal, in motor integration, 512
Feet.
See
Foot
Female(s)
pelvis in, 237
t
, 238
puberty in, 1058
urethra in, 981, 981
f
, 982, 1035
f
Female pronucleus,
1066
–1067, 1070
f
Female reproductive system, 7
f
.
See
also
specific organ or structure
anatomy of,
1035
–1043, 1035
f
,
1037
f
, 1040
f
embryologic/fetal development
of, 1054–1057, 1056
f
, 1057
f
functions/physiology of, 7
f
, 8,
1043–1053, 1044
f
, 1046
f
,
1048
f
, 1050
f
, 1052
t
lactation and, 1041, 1042
f
,
1087
–1089, 1088
f
mammary glands (breasts) and,
161
,
1041
–1043, 1042
f
, 1043
f
parturition (birth) and,
1085
1087, 1085
f
, 1086
f
pregnancy and,
1065
, 1082–1085,
1082
f
Female sex hormones.
See also
Estrogen(s); Progesterone
in sodium regulation, 1000
Female sexual response,
1051
–1053
Femara.
See
Letrozole
Femoral artery, 725
f
, 734–735
f
,
734
t
deep (deep artery of thigh),
734
t
,
735
f
medial and lateral circumflex,
734–735
f
,
734
t
pulse at, 710
f
Femoral cutaneous nerve
anterior, 507
f
lateral, 507
f
, 507
t
posterior, 508
f
, 509
t
Femoral nerve,
506
, 507
f
, 507
t
Femoral vein, 737
f
, 744
f
,
744
t
Femoropatellar joint, 255
t
,
262
, 263.
See also
Knee joint
Femur, 200
f
,
238
, 239
f
,
243
t
in hip fracture, 238
in hip joint, 266, 267
f
in knee joint, 262, 262
f
ligament of head of (ligamentum
teres), 238,
267
, 267
f
Fenestrated capillaries,
697
, 697
f
Fenestrations (capillary pores), 697,
697
f
glomerular, 958, 964
f
, 965
Fen-phen, 943
b
Fascia(e), 132
lata, 363
t
lumbar, 343
f
, 367
f
renal,
955
, 956
f
spermatic, external and internal,
1020
f
superficial.
See
Superficial fascia
Fascicle(s)
muscle,
278
, 279
f
,
283
t
arrangement of, 322–323, 322
f
naming muscles and, 320
nerve,
490
, 491
f
Fasciculus cuneatus,
469
, 469
f
, 470
f
,
471
t
Fasciculus gracilis,
469
, 469
f
, 470
f
,
471
t
Fas protein, sunburn and, 164
Fast fibers,
302
, 303–304, 303
f
, 303
t
Fast glycolytic fibers,
302
, 303, 303
f
,
303
t
Fasting (postabsorptive) state, 931,
933–935, 934
f
, 935
f
Fast motility, 578–579
Fast oxidative fibers,
302
, 303
t
, 304
Fast voltage-gated Na
1
channels, in
cardiac muscle contraction,
672
, 673
f
Fat(s)/lipid(s), 8,
43
–47, 45
f
, 46
t
,
908–910, 909
t
absorption, 893
f
, 895
f
, 896
in atherosclerosis, 700
b
dietary, 908–910, 909
t
substitutes for, 910, 943
b
digestion of, 893
f
, 895, 895
f
bile salts in, 881, 893
f
, 895,
895
f
interconversion of, 930–931, 930
f
metabolism of, 45–46, 45
f
, 914
f
,
926–928, 926
f
, 927
f
, 929
t
glycerol/fatty acid oxidation
in, 926, 926
f
, 929
t
lipogenesis,
926
–927, 927
f
,
929
t
lipolysis,
927
, 927
f
, 929
t
, 933,
934
f
liver in, 927, 933, 934
f
, 937
t
thyroid hormone affecting,
607
t
as neurotransmitters, 416
t
, 417
neutral,
45
, 908.
See also
Triglycerides
obesity and, 942
b
saturated and unsaturated,
46
,
908
storage of in bone, 177
supply of (fat pool),
930
–931, 930
f
transport of, 936–937, 936
f
Fat (adipose) cells,
128
, 128
f
, 129
t
,
130
, 131
f
.
See also
Adipose
tissue
Fatigue, muscle, 295,
300
–301
Fat pool,
930
–931, 930
f
Fat-soluble vitamins, 46
t
, 897,
912
,
912
t
Fat substitutes, 910, 943
b
Fat (adipose) tissue,
128
, 128
f
, 129
t
,
130
, 131
f
, 151, 151
f
, 936.
See
also
Adipose (fat) tissue
Fatty acids,
45
, 45
f
, 46, 893
f
,
895
,
895
f
, 896
essential, 908, 909
t
in food intake regulation, 940, 940
f
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