I-1
I-1
Index
NOTE: Page numbers in
boldface
indicate a definition. A
t
following a page number indicates tabular
material, an
f
indicates an illustration, and a
b
indicates boxed material.
A agglutinins, 651, 652
t
A agglutinogens, 651, 652
t
A bands,
281
in cardiac muscle, 671, 672
f
in skeletal muscle, 280
f
,
281
, 284
f
,
285, 285
f
ABCD/ABCD(E) rule, for melanoma
recognition,
165
Abdomen
arteries of, 730–733
f
, 730–732
t
muscles of, 326
f
, 342
t
, 343
f
sympathetic pathways to, 531,
532
f
veins of, 742–743
f
, 742
t
Abdominal aorta, 724
f
,
724
t
, 725
f
,
730–733
f
, 730
t
branches of, 724
f
, 730–733
f
,
730–732
t
Abdominal aortic plexus,
529
, 531
Abdominal cavity,
18
, 18
f
Abdominal hernia,
384
Abdominal organs, perfusion (blood
flow) of, 712, 712
f
Abdominal reflexes,
519
Abdominal wall
innervation of, 509
muscles of, 342
t
, 343
f
Abdominopelvic cavity,
14
–18, 18
f
regions/quadrants of, 19, 19
f
, 20
f
Abdominopelvic organs
homeostatic imbalance and, 18
muscles compressing, 342
t
, 343
f
muscles supporting, 344
t
, 345
f
Abducens nerve (cranial nerve VI),
444
f
, 445,
493
, 493
f
,
497
t
extrinsic eye muscles supplied by,
497
t
, 547, 547
f
paralysis of, 497
t
Abduction (body movement), 257
f
,
258
, 321
f
of lower limb, 363
t
, 380
t
, 381
f
of upper limb, 358
t
, 359
f
Abductor digiti minimi muscle
of foot,
376
t
, 377
f
of hand,
360
t
, 361
f
Abductor hallucis muscle,
376
t
, 377
f
Abductor muscles, of thigh, 363
t
Abductor pollicis brevis muscle,
360
t
,
361
f
Abductor pollicis longus muscle,
356
t
, 357
f
, 358
t
, 359
f
ABO blood groups,
651
, 652
t
, 653
f
multiple-allele inheritance and,
1100
, 1100
t
transplantation and, 790
Abortion,
1094
Abscess, 771
Absence (petit mal) seizures, 452–453
Absolute refractory period,
405
, 405
f
in cardiac muscle, 671–672, 673
f
Absorption (food/nutrient),
850
,
851
f
,
852
, 885
t
, 895–898,
895
f
, 897
f
in large intestine, 885
t
in small intestine, 876–877, 876
f
,
885
t
, 893
f
, 895–896
Absorptive cells, of small intestine,
876
f
, 877, 877
f
Absorptive (fed) state, 931, 931–933,
931
f
, 932
f
Abstinence methods, of
contraception, 1090
b
Acceleration
crista ampullaris response to, 581,
582
f
macular response to, 580–581,
581
f
Accessory digestive organs, 850
f
,
851
.
See also
specific structure
Accessory hemiazygos vein, 740–
741
f
,
741
t
Accessory nerve (cranial nerve XI),
444
f
, 445
f
, 493
f
,
500
,
500
t
,
503
f
Accessory oculomotor (Edinger-
Westphal) nuclei, 528
Accessory pancreatic duct, 882
Accessory reproductive ducts.
See
Reproductive duct system
Accessory reproductive organs/
glands,
1018
in male, 1019, 1019
f
, 1023
f
,
1024
–1026
Acclimatization,
838
–839
Accommodation,
556
gastric,
873
ocular,
556
Accommodation pupillary reflex,
556
ACE.
See
Angiotensin converting
enzyme
Acetabular labrum,
266
, 267
f
Acetabulum,
234
, 235
f
, 236
f
, 237
t,
266
Acetic acid, 39, 919, 926, 926
f
Acetylcholine (ACh),
286
,
414
, 415
t
,
511,
525
, 533, 534
t
in autonomic versus somatic
nervous system,
525
, 526
f
,
533, 534
t
, 537
in hydrochloric acid secretion
control, 870
memory circuits affected by, 457
f
,
458
in muscle contraction,
286
, 286
f
,
287
f
, 288, 288
f
excitation-contraction
coupling and, 290
f
in neuromuscular junction,
286
,
286
f
,
287
f
, 288, 288
f
, 511
Acetylcholine (ACh) receptors,
286
,
287
f
, 534, 534
t
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE),
286
,
287
f
,
414
, 511
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE)
inhibitors, autonomic activity
and, 535, 535
t
Acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl CoA),
914, 914
f
in glucose metabolism,
919
, 920
f
in lipid metabolism, 926, 926
f
,
927, 927
f
ACh.
See
Acetylcholine
Achalasia,
904
AChE.
See
Acetylcholinesterase
Achilles (calcaneal) tendon, 242,
327
f
rupture of,
384
Achondroplasia,
197
Acid(s),
39
amino acid as, 47
nonvolatile (fixed),
1006
pH of, 40, 40
f
strong,
41
, 1004, 1005
f
volatile,
1006
weak,
41
, 1004, 1005
f
Acid-base balance, 41,
1004
–1012
abnormalities of, 1009–1012,
1010
t
, 1011
b
.
See also
Acidosis; Alkalosis
respiratory and renal
compensations and,
1010–1012,
1011
chemical buffer systems in, 41,
1004
–1006, 1005
f
developmental aspects of, 1012
potassium and, 1001
renal regulation of, 972, 973
f
,
1006–1009, 1007
f
, 1008
f
, 1009
f
compensations for
abnormalities and,
1011
,
1012
respiratory regulation of, 832,
836, 836
f
, 837, 1006
compensations for
abnormalities and,
1011–1012,
1011
Acidemia,
1004
.
See also
Acidosis
Acid group, amino acid, 47, 48
f
Acid hydrolases, 86
Acidic solution, 40, 40
f
Acid mantle
of skin,
162
, 765, 770
t
of vagina, 770
t
, 1040
Acidosis,
60
,
1004
blood values in evaluation of,
1011
b
in diabetes, 620, 621
t
, 933
effects of, 1010
metabolic, 927,
1010
, 1010
t
,
1011
b
newborn’s first breath and, 1087
physiologic, 1004
renal compensations and,
1011
,
1012
renal tubular,
1017
respiratory (hypoventilation),
839
, 1006,
1009
, 1010
t
, 1011
b
respiratory compensations and,
1011–1012,
1011
Acinar (alveolar) glands,
124
, 126
f
Acini/acinar cells, pancreatic, 618,
618
f
,
882
, 882
f
Acinus (secretory unit), of
multicellular exocrine gland,
124, 126
f
Acne, 162, 167
Acoustic meatus
external (external auditory/ear
canal), 204
f
, 206
f
,
208
, 208
f
,
216
t
,
570
–572, 571
f
internal, 205
f
, 207
f
,
208
, 497
t
Acoustic nerve.
See
Vestibulocochlear
nerve
Acquired immune deficiency
syndrome (AIDS),
793
–794
Acquired immunodeficiencies, 793
Acquired (learned) reflex, 513
Acromegaly, 602
t
,
604
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